Treatment for Brain Injury

SP Therapy Services can provide rehabilitation for those living with a brain injury that has resulted from an accident, illness or at birth.

There are two types of Acquired Brain Injury; Traumatic and Non Traumatic. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are caused by a sudden and violent blow to the head, such as injuries caused by a road traffic accident, assault or a fall. Non TBI is related to a medical condition such as encephalitis, meningitis, stroke or tumor.

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Acquired Brain Injury can affect anyone, at any time in their lives and as with all neurological conditions the symptoms and treatment are unique to the individual.


  • How does ABI affect people?

    ABI (Acquired Brain Injury) can affect anyone, at any time in their lives and as with all neurological conditions the symptoms and treatment are unique to the individual.

    ABI can cause movement problems, and thinking problems making life challenging for patients and their families, these problems can be temporary or permanent.

    Although the most rapid progress is made in the first 6 months after an ABI, patients continue to improve many years after their ABI.

  • How can physiotherapy help adults living with ABI?

    Although every individual with an ABI (Acquired Brain Injury) is different, the main focus of physiotherapy is to improve a persons ability to move and maximise their independence. To achieve this a physiotherapist will work to:

    • Improve posture and walking;
    • Improve balance and reduce the risk of falls;
    • Strengthen muscles, and reduce muscle stiffness;
    • Mobilise joints and improve the quality of movement;
    • Improve respiratory function and challenge the cardiovascular system;
    • Provide education and training to support teams and families.
  • How can physiotherapy help children living with ABI?

    Children with ABI differ from adults in that their brains (their movement control centre) and their musculoskeletal system (bones and muscles) are not yet fully developed. ABI impacts on a child’s ability to control movement making muscles floppy (low toned or flaccidity), stiff (high toned or spasticity) or uncoordinated (dystonia and ataxia). Children learn through movement they explore play and learn about, depth, shape, texture, volume distance and harm by moving through their environment. When moving is difficult learning becomes a greater challenge.

    Stiff, floppy or uncoordinated muscles pull on the immature and growing skeleton and this can cause developmental problems such as scoliosis, contractures and joint problems especially in the hips.

    Physiotherapists work to re-educate more normal movement patterns and treat and manage the muscles to maximise the child’s opportunity to learn through movement, and reduce the impact of the pull on growing bones

    Our physiotherapists can work with a child at school or at home, we have physiotherapists working in our Greater Manchester, Lancashire and  Yorkshire communities.

Our Locations

We provide services across the regions of Lancashire, Greater Manchester and Yorkshire. Our team of dedicated community neurological physiotherapy practitioners, will travel to you, to provide the treatment you need in your own home and community. Providing therapy that meets your needs with the aim of improving your quality of life.

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